Must-Know Tax Strategies for Real Estate Investors
Taxes are one of few certainties in life. But it doesn’t have to be a painful ordeal… Real estate investors in particular leave thousands – if not millions -- of tax dollars on the table every year.
Without a good CPA, they’re overlooking simple deductions or paying far too much tax for rental income.
In some cases, these investors never knew these deductions or rules ever existed. Others never kept detailed records of transactions or other costs that could have easily been written off. Other investors were left in financial ruins by incompetent CPAs that had little to no real estate experience.
After losing billions of dollars to economic chaos, the last thing real estate investors want to do is lose more money a second time around. So, to help cut back on money, time, and unbelievable stress, here are our top seven important tax strategies.
Find a good CPA…
Whether it’s through word-of-mouth, a real estate investing club, or even a process of non-stop CPA firm interviews, it is an absolute imperative that you find a competent Certified Public Accountant (CPA) that specializes in real estate tax.
Your CPA must be qualified and must be familiar with the real estate market.
Unless you enjoy paying too much tax, you can’t afford not to.
Not only can a competent CPA correctly structure your business from a legal and financial perspective, according to BiggerPockets.com, the CPA can create a strategy for your business that will allow you to keep more money; help you make smart decisions; and recommend other team members who can help make your business a profitable success.
Get organized immediately…
Keeping accurate records of all financial transactions is a must. Find a filing system (file folder, computer bookkeeping) that works for you. Keep records of all expenses as they pertain to your real estate investments.
Employ strategies to find overlooked deductions
Again, taxes are one of life’s certainties. Why pay more than you have to?
Over-looked tax deductions do exist. A competent, experienced CPA with a real estate background can help find these and reduce your overall tax bill. You can legally write off home office expenses, mileage cost to and from investment property, business entertainment costs, depreciation of land improvements, equipment rental, family members on payroll, and travel expenses having to do with buying and maintaining properties.
The more you know, the more deductions you can take on your tax return.
Take advantage of rental property tax deductions
Understand that collected rent is considered income. To reduce that income and tax bill, you can deduct rental home expenses, including depreciation, according to HouseLogic.com. “If, for example, you received $9,600 rent during the year and had expenses of $4,200, then your taxable rental income would be $5,400 ($9,600 in rent minus $4,200 in expenses). You can even write off a loss on a rental home as long as you meet income requirements, own at least 10% of the property, and actively participate in the rental of the home.”
You can also write off the property operating expenses, and any expenses incurred by owning the property. Your mileage to and from that property is deductible, as are any attorney and accounting fees incurred through the property.
Avoid capital gains taxes
If you own property, you can sell it within two months without having to pay capital gains taxes through a Section 1031 Exchange. It has to be what’s referred to as “like kind,” or the same type. You can’t exchange rent property for personal property for the 1031 Exchange.
“The theory behind Section 1031 is that when a property owner has reinvested the sale proceeds into another property, the economic gain has not been realized in a way that generates funds to pay any tax,” according to The Federation of Exchange Accommodators (FEA). If you can defer this tax, you have more money for other property investments.
You can also file a personal residence exemption. You can waive capital gains of up to $250,000 ($500,000 if married) on the sale of your primary residence, according to eHow.com
Separate short term and long-term investments
Work with your CPA to separate short-term investments from long-term investments.
For tax purposes, a property held for less than one year is a short-term investment. A property held for longer than a year is a long-term investment. By separating, you can save yourself tax dollars down the line.
If you plan to “flip” property owned for less than a year, you can pay short-term capital gains taxes, which is the same rate as your marginal income tax rate, according to RealEstate.com. “Uncle Sam takes a smaller cut out of long-term gains than out of ordinary income or short-term gains.”
Do not overtax rental income
Rental income is not subject to the self-employment tax. Unless you enjoy it, do not pay more tax than you have to.